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Han Dynasty
Learn Chinese - History and Culture

Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220)and "Silk Road "

Liu Bang (liú bāng 刘邦) established the powerful Han Dynasty (hàn cháo 汉朝) in 206 B.C. During the Han Dynasty, agriculture, handicrafts and commerce flourished, and the population reached 50 million. During the most prosperous period of the Han Dynasty, Emperor Wudi (hàn wǔ dì 汉武帝, 140-87 B.C.) expanded from the Central Plains (zhōng yuán 中原) to the Western Regions (xī yù 西域, present-day Xinjiang and Central Asia).
Emperor Wudi dispatched Zhang Qian (zhāng qiān 张骞) twice as his envoy to the Western Regions, and in the process pioneered the route known as the "Silk Road"(sī chóu zhī lù 丝绸之路) from Chang'an (cháng ān 长安, today's Xi'an, Shaanxi Province), through Xinjiang (xīn jiāng 新疆) and Central Asia, and on to the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. China's silk goods were traded to the West along the Silk Road. As contacts between the East and West increased, Buddhism spread to China in the first century. In 105, an official named Cai Lun (cài lún 蔡伦) invented a technique for making fine paper, leading to a revolution in communications and learning.





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