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Home History and Culture History of Dizi (Bamboo Flute)
History of Dizi (Bamboo Flute)
Learn Chinese - History and Culture
Dizi, a traditional Chinese musical instrument, became popular as early as the Warring States Period (475-221BC). It first appeared in Hemudu Clan (in present-day Hubei Province) 7,000 years ago.
This transverse bamboo flute has a blowing hole, a stop hole and six finger holes. The two holes furthest from the player and fundamental tone holes and next to them are two auxiliary tone holes. Its range is two and a half octaves. During the blossoming of the art of opera in the late Ming (1368-1644) and early Qing (1644-1911) Dynasties, Dizi was adopted as an accompanying instrument for various kinds of stage dramas.

There are two basic kinds of Dizi -- Bangdi, which was the
shorter one, got its name because it was used to accompany clapper-type operas. It has a strong and piping tone, suitable for expressing robust and lively emotions; Qudi, also named as Sudi for its origin from Suzhou city, is often used to accompany Kunqu Opera. It is five levels lower than Bangdi in pitch. Its tone is pure and mellow, making it suitable for expressing delicate and understated moods.

A large number of techniques are used when playing these wind instruments, such as tapping, appoggiatura, tremolo, legato, flower tongue, augment, glide, trill, overtone and prong. Famous Dizi tunes include The Golden Trembling Willows, Audience With the Emperor, Joyous Meeting, Five Clappers, The Partridge Soars, The Bird in the Shade, and Scenic Suzhou.



中国传流的笛子大多是竹笛,笛上有6个按音的孔,一个吹奏孔和一个笛膜孔。竹子遍于乡野,而且竹笛易于制作,因此流传很广。竹笛非常悠扬,带有山野乡村的风格,因此就有牧童倒骑牛背、横吹笛子的情景。竹笛还可以抒 情,古代文人常用笛子发出的凄楚的笛音来抒发自己郁闷的心情。

Last Updated on Thursday, 28 August 2008 12:12

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