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Home History and Culture Zhuihu (Bowed String Instrument)
Zhuihu (Bowed String Instrument)
Learn Chinese - History and Culture

Zhuihu (Bowed String Instrument), also known as Zhuiqin or Zhuizi, is altered from Sanxian (a three-stringed musical instrument), can be used to perform solo and tutti. Since Zhuihu has a wide diapason, a soft sound and relatively
high sound volume, performers can use it to imitate the voice of human and animals.

There is one legend about the origin of Zhuihu. In the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Emperor Kangxi forbad all the opera performances in the Forbidden City and artists had to earn a living on the street. One day, an artist's Sanxian was bitten by mice and the covering leather of the sound box got a hole in it. In order not to miss the performance, the artist had to use a thin wooden piece to replace the leather and used a bow from Huqin (two-stringed Chinese violin) to play the Sanxian. This musical instrument, that can not only play music but also imitate human voice, was later called Zhuihu.

能说会唱话坠胡

坠胡是由小三弦改制的,又名坠琴或坠子。这种乐器既能独奏又能合奏,它的音域非常宽,声音柔和,音量也比较大,与别的乐器有所不同的是它可以惟妙惟肖的模仿人声、唱歌、讲话,甚至鸟兽的叫声等等。
相传,在清代(公元1644——公元1911)的康熙年间,皇帝御旨,撤掉宫廷戏班,艺人们只有流落到民间卖艺,有一天,一个艺人的小三弦被老鼠咬坏了蒙皮,可是马上就要演出了,情急之间,这位艺人就用薄薄的桐木板代替,又把胡琴的弓子夹在两根弦中间拉奏,这样,一个既可演奏乐曲,又近似人声的乐器就诞生了,这就是坠胡。
 

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