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Home Travel in Qinghai Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Travel in Qinghai

Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Golog (or Guoluo) Tibet Autonomous Prefecture (guǒ luò zàng zú zì zhì zhōu 果洛藏族自治州) is located in southeastern Qinghai province, in the Amdo region of Tibet (ān duō zàng qū 安多藏区). The prefecture has an area of 76,312 km² and its capital is Maqên County (mǎ qìn xiàn 玛沁县). Over 90% of the 125,000 people who live in Golog are Tibetan. Most of the people in Golog are nomadic with many of them living in traditional style Tibetan tents. Most of Golog is well above 4000m / 13,120 feet so summers are short and winters are long and cold.


Golog Tibetan Autonomous PrefectureGolog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture consists of six counties: Maqin, Banma (bān mǎ 班玛), Gande (gān dé 甘德), Dari (dá rì 达日), Jiuzhi (jiǔ zhì 久治) and Maduo (mǎ duō 玛多). The prefecture has a vast expanse of territory, occupying more than one tenth of Qinghai's total land area. There are rivers and mountain ranges crisscrossing the region and alpine lakes inlaid among them. The terrain of Golog basically declines from the northwest to the southeast. The terrain of the somewhat higher northwestern region slopes gently, while the slightly lower southeastern region boasts many high mountains and deep valleys.


Golog Prefecture is located in the southeastern part of Qinghai, in the upper basin of the Yellow River. Gyaring Lake and Ngoring Lake on the western edge of the prefecture are considered to be the source of the Yellow River. However, these lakes do receive water from rivers that flow from locations even further west, in Qumarleb County (qǔ má lái xiàn 曲麻莱县) of the Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (yù shù zàng zú zì zhì zhōu 玉树藏族自治州).

The lay of the land of the prefecture is largely determined by the Amne Machin mountain range (max elevation 6,282 m), which runs in the general northwest- to-southeast direction across the entire prefecture, and beyond. The existence of the ridge results in one of the great bends of the Yellow River, which first flows for several hundreds of kilometers toward the east and southeast along through the entire Golog Prefecture, along the southern side of the Amne Machin Range, until it reaches the borders of Gansu and Sichuan; it and then turns almost 180 degrees and flows toward the northwest for 200–300 km through several prefectures of the northeastern Qinghai, forming a section of the northeastern border of the Golog prefecture.

Several sections of the Sanjiangyuan (or "Sources of Three Rivers", sān jiāng yuán 三江源 ) National Nature Reserve are within the prefecture.


Golog was inhabited by Dangxiang (dǎng xiàng 党项, an ancient tribe in northwest China), a branch of the Qiang minority, one of the oldest tribes in China. Until 1946 Golog was led by the heads of more than two hundred tribes. Golog District was established directly under Qinghai Province in 1950. In 1954 the Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture was established.


Golog enjoys a continental plateau climate, characterized by high altitude, cold weather, thin air, strong ultraviolet radiation and great temperature variation between day and night. It only has obvious cold and warm seasons. The cold season begins from October with an average temperature during the coldest month of -12.1℃ (10.2℉). Starting in June, the warm season lasts only three or four months, during which the weather is moderate with the warmest average monthly temperature being about 9℃ (48.2℉).


Bayan Har Mountains

Bayan Har MountainsThe Bayan Har mountains (or Bayankala, bā yán kā lā shān mài 巴颜喀拉山脉) are a mountain range in south-central part of Qinghai Province and the northwestern part of Sichuan Province in the People's Republic of China. It can be viewed as one of the branches of the Kunlun Mountains. It separates the drainage areas of the Yellow River and the Yangtze rivers; the source of the Yellow River is in the basin of Yueguzonglie (yuē gǔ zōng liè 约古宗列), which is located in the northern part of the range.

Location: In south-central part of Qinghai Province
Tel: 0971-6122987
Opening Hours: The whole day
Admission Fee: Free

Amne Machin

Amnye MachenGolog is famous across the Tibetan Plateau as being the home of Amne Machin (ā ní mǎ qīng shān 阿尼玛卿山), one of the 4 main holy mountains of Tibet. Each year, thousands of pilgrims make their way to Amnye Machen to make a pilgrimage around the mountain. The trek around the mountain takes around 7 days. Amnye Machen rises 6282m / 20,605 feet and is the highest mountain in Amdo. The main peak of the Amnye Machen is Mt. Anyemaqen, being one of China's ten peaks open to foreign climbers.

Location: In the southeast of Qinghai province, China
Tel: 0975-8383842
Transportation: You can approach the mountain from two directions. It’s possible to take the bus to Mǎqìn (Tawo) and then hitch or hire a minivan out to Xuěshān (Chuwarna), the traditional starting point of the kora (pilgram path). Buses to Mǎqìn (nine hours) depart Xīníng at 8.45am (Y62) and 9.30am (Y77) and there are also evening sleepers (Y82). From the west, first get yourself to Mǎduō or Huāshíxiá, and then find a jeep to Xiàdàwǔ. From Xīníng, buses to Mǎduō (Y83, 10 hours) leave daily at 8am.
Opening Hours: The whole day
Admission Fee: Free

Gyaring Lake & Ngoring Lake

Gyaring LakeGyaring (zhā líng hú 扎陵湖) Lake and Ngoring (è líng hú 鄂陵湖) Lake are sister lakes, comprising the largest bodies of fresh water in the Yellow River basin. Around these two pools of liquid sapphire, are the hunting areas of the Huangheyuan International Hunting Ground (huáng hé yuán guó jì shòu liè chǎng 黄河源国际狩猎场). As one of the freshwater lakes on the upper Yellow River, Gyaring Lake, also called “Chaling Sea”, the white long lake in Tibetan language, situated in the west of Ngoring Lake, boasts an area of 526 square kilometers, averagely 8.9 meters long, 4294 meters above the sea level, extending 35 kilometers from east to west, 21.6 kilometers from south to north. The center of the lake off northeast is the deepest with the capacity of 4,600,000,000 cubic meters, and the center off south is the mainstream of Yellow River. The water from the Yellow River converged by Nakari Stream and Yueguzonglie Stream flows into the lake from the southwestern corner and out from the southwestern corner. The Yellow River flows into the lake with lots of sand, so the surface is gray when wind stirs, that is how the name of white long lake came into being.
Ngoring LakeThe lake abounds in free-floating aquatics and fishes, which is regarded as one of the fishing bases in Qinghai along with Ngoring Lake. There are 3 small islands, also called Bird Island, in the west of the lake where is not far from the Yellow River’s entering, on which flocks of migrant birds gather here. By the lake there is subalpine meadow which is an important pasture. Another biggest freshwater lake on the upper Yellow River along with the Gyaring Lake, named Bo Sea in old days, the blue long lake in Tibetan language, is also called “E’ling Sea”, situated in the hollow land of western Maduo County of Qinghai Plateau, 15 kilometers off Ngoring Lake in the west. By the lake, there is immense swamp stretching from the west of a valley which is formed when the Yellow River flows through the Bayanlangma Mountain between the two lakes, with a length of over 300 meters. Ngoring Lake boasts an area of 610 square kilometers, averagely 17.6 meters long, 4272 meters above the sea level, extending 32.3 kilometers from south to north, the breadth between the east and west up to 31.6 kilometers. The center of the lake off north is the deepest with a depth of 30.7 meters, a capacity of 10,700,000,000 cubic meters. The water from upper Yellow River flows into the lake from the southwestern corner and out from the northeastern corner. The Yellow River flows into the lake with little sand, so the surface is blue. The lake, where has set up fishery industry since 1978, abounds in cold water scaleless fish, mainly including spotted carp, Ceratodus, Huanghe carp, and three-eyed fish, etc. There are many migrant birds gathering on the small island of the central lake, on which inhabit lots of migrant birds, like geese, brown-necked gull, fish gull, and sheldrake, where it is another Bird Island of Qinghai Plateau. By the lake there is subalpine meadow which is an important pasture of Qinghai.

Location: In south-central Qinghai Province
Tel: 0975-8383842   
Transportation: Take sport utility vehicle in Sining or jeep in Madoi County
Recommended Golden Season: Summer
Admission Fee: Free

White Jade Temple

White Jade TempleWhite Jade Temple (bái yù sì 白玉寺), a division of the large White Jade Temple, situated in the steep—sided valley of Daritang along with township government of White Jade Village, leaning on the stone mountain full of bush, is a famous Tibetan Buddhism temple of Ningma school in Qinghai for its open terrain, convenient transport, 3600-meter altitude, plentiful rainfall, warm climate, and pleasant scenery. White Jade Temple, built in 1857, opened in 1980 and rebuilt in the same year, with 7 sutra recitation halls, 3 palatial halls, 3 funerary stupas, and 3 large-scaled spinning prayer apartments. There are 8 Buddhist rituals annually, including “10 days of White Jade” from March 1st to March 10th in Tibetan calendar, with pompous occasion such as Shai Dafo, Tiaoqian, and Buddha opera.

Location: In the southwest of Jiuzhi Country, Qinghai Province
Tel: 0975-8383842
Opening Hours: The whole day
Admission Fee: CNY15

Nyenbo Yurtse

Nyenbo YurtseAnother famous holy mountain in Golog is Nyenbo Yurtse (nián bǎo yù zé shān 年保玉则山). Nyenbo Yurtse is located in the remote far eastern corner of Golog prefecture and stand 5369m / 17,611 feet high. This mountain sees very few foreign travelers, but is possibly the most beautiful place in all of the northern Tibetan Plateau. A deep fresh water lake sits at the base of the mountain. Several rivers run into the lake. The area around Nyenbo Yurtse is excellent for hiking.
Nyenbo YurtseNyenbo Yurtse is a holy mountain in Golog Plain, Qinghai. Its main peak is at an elevation of 5369 meters above sea level. Nothing is better than the changeable weather can show the mystery of Nyenbo Yurtse. You may also appreciate the change of the four seasons in July and August. In the starry dawn, the heavy snow falling in succession and the pressing algidity make a prospect of deep winter. While the red sun is rising gradually from the east, the whole mountain is filled with heavy fog. Soon the full earth is showered under the golden sunshine and the sky is a limpid blue, as if swept clean of everything. In the morning, the thick cloud spreads over the mountain densely and it begins to rain pouringly. At noon, the dispersed clouds, lifted fog, and the scorching sun bring us to the hot summer at its height. In the afternoon, the sun falls to the west and the plain restores its former serenity completely. Nyenbo Yurtse uncovers its mysterious veil and stands there slimly and gracefully. Its kind and sweet countenance reemerges before us. Nyenbo Yurtse, the holy mountain, is well known for its folded mountain chain, silvery snowy mountain range, thunder in the severe winter, and snow in the midsummer, ringing stone in the wind, bright moon and brilliant stars.

Location: In south-central part of Qinghai Province
Tel: 0971-6122987
Opening Hours: The whole day
Admission Fee: Free

The King Gesar Lion Dragon Palace

The King Gesar Lion Dragon PalaceThe King Gesar Lion-dragon Palace (gé sà ěr wáng shī lóng gōng diàn 格萨尔王狮龙宫殿) used to be the capital of Gesar Guling country---the relic of Lion—dragon Palace, while today it is Living Buddha of Chalang Temple built by local government and nomadic people jointly, whose prayer was written by late 10th Panchen Lama in person. The palace, in Tibetan style, whose total area is up to 180 square kilometers and height is about 40 meters, collects dozens of precious cultural relics, including colorful, various and vivid Gesar portrays, and sculpture arts. Around the palace whose glass roof is installed top building and gold-covered bronze Xianglin wheel, it is present a gable of Babao satisfactory shape, a thousand mountain gullies like heart-collected leaves, and all directions toward Lion-dragon Palace.

Location: In Dari Country, Qinghai Province
Tel: 0975-8319001
Opening Hours: 8:00-18:00
Admission Fee: CNY15

The Cow Head Stele (niú tóu bēi 牛头碑)

The Cow Head SteleThe civil administration of Maduo County constructed a stele called "the soul of China, the stele in the style of a cow head at the source of the Yellow River" in Sep, 1988 for the sake of inaugurating the tourism in the origin of the Yellow River. The stele is founded of pure copper, and 5.1tons weight, inscribed "the headstream of the Yellow River" both in Tibetan and Han languages by the late tenth-generation Panchan Lama and Hu Yaobang. The stele lying at an elevation of 4610 meters is three meters high with the stele-seat of two meters in height, totally inlaid by the copperplate mould. And the delicate style and grand font symbolize the long history full of changes and the diligent and unsophisticated character of Chinese Nation. The cow as the style of the stele, which was a primitive holy totem, with its straightforward horns and powerful and tough style, epitomize our great and strong national spirit, which arouses unparalleled intensive cohesion and centripetal force. Leaning close to the enclosure of the primitive and simple, grand, straightforward cow head-like monument, the Bayankala Mountain with the silver drape and armor, is in far sight and domineers over cloud. And at the foot of the white snow mountain, grassland appears pure and green as if swept by water. The mountain ranges and lakefront are strewn with flocks and herds wandering peacefully; black-and -white tents intersperse on the green soft carpet, seeming shoulder poles or mushrooms, accompanied by wisps of smoke rising into the sky and leisure sound of reed wafting in the air. The beautiful and colorful landscape can make you amused and forget to return with infinite aftertaste, and makes your heart enraptured.

Location: In Maduo Country, Qinghai Province
Tel: 0975-8383842
Opening Hours: The whole day
Admission Fee: Free

Food & Specialty

Yak jerky (máo niú ròu gān 牦牛肉干)

Yak jerkyYak meat is tender, paper fat high-protein, not only nutritious, but delicious and tasty. Qinghai Guoluo fresh yak meat and dairy plants as raw material, through the elegant processing, to produce the "Ray Hill" brand high-quality curry beef jerky, while maintaining the flavor of beef, but also formed a Jiu-Cun eradicating corruption, fragrant delicious characteristics of high-quality brand-name products in Qinghai Province, access to Chinese food will be the first gold medal.


Sanzi (sǎn zǐ 馓子), a kind of fried pasta, is the main pasta food for treating guests by Hui minority and Sala minority people in Qinghai in annually celebrating traditional 'Gu'erbang festival', 'Er'de festival', 'Shengji festival' and marriage or funeral. Its main ingredient is Touluo flour, which is mixed with salt and seasoning, then striped into the oil lap after lap for frying. Sanzi is long thread shaped cookie. This deep-fried food is popular at occasions like Corban, Fast-breaking, memorial service to prophet Mohammad and wedding or funeral ceremonies.

Potentilla anserina

Potentilla anserinaWild ginseng fruit (rén shēn guǒ 人参果) is a perennial herb of the root, the plateau of the people called this plant the roots for the PAP, also known as longevity fruit, Penglai fruits. Ginseng is a kind of good dessert fruit. It is 63% sugar, containing 15% protein, fat 1.1%, also rich in vitamins and calcium, phosphorus, iron and other inorganic salts. It can be used for sugar and wine. Its value generally to do with its roots porridge, sweet fluid, delicious taste and rich nutrition. It also can be used as rice pudding, cake ingredients. Tibetans will be mixing it with rice, cooking, add butter, a hospitality food. Ginseng fruit is a sweet accessories, Tibetan medicine is one of the whole plant is, of sweet, warm, spleen and stomach, convergence bleeding, thirst, blood and Qi of the effect, is conducive to health, so that longevity of people's good fruit, the fruit, good quality, long known, are exported all over the coast, is the gift to share. Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences research shows that ginseng fruit has anti-cancer, blood pressure and other effects.

Cordyceps Sinensis

Cordyceps sinensis (dōng chóng xià cǎo 冬虫夏草), also known as "caterpillar fungus", "cordyceps" for China's specialty is mainly produced in China, Sichuan, Qinghai province on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Since the Ming Dynasty, the Qinghai Cordyceps sinensis on the international market and enjoy high reputation. In 1460, the Chinese caterpillar fungus are exported to Japan, Southeast Asia, a number of countries, known as China's legendary treasure. At present, the Chinese caterpillar fungus is still the highest exports in Qinghai Province, one of swaps. At the international market, the price of Cordyceps sinensis is as high as 70 million U.S. dollars per ton.

Cordyceps SinensisCordyceps sinensis are wild, growing at an altitude of 3000-5000 m above the alpine shrub zone near the snow line on a grass slope. Its shape like an old silkworm, surface yellow-brown, the back there are many wrinkles, abdomen, eight pairs of feet; its cross-section of white or slightly yellow, and surrounding deep yellow; body length 6 centimeters in diameter is about 3 millimeters, much like a grass. Each year in late May, when the tip of the winter snows began to melt, when the climate warming, the grass bat moth larvae first emerged and started activities, in the mountains of the humus in the crawl, to be the first to climb to the parasite upright, the parasites in the insect's head began to grow the bacteria spore, bacteria spore begins to grow when the parasite that is dead, spore bacteria to parasites as nutrients, growth rapidly, parasites are generally 4-5 cm, bacterial spore Within a day long to parasites the length of time the Chinese caterpillar fungus known as "the first grass," the best quality; day bacteria spore is about twice as long to the parasite, known as the "two grass" quality second; the bacteria spore soaring more than three days, mining the useless.

According to modern pharmacological research, Qinghai Cordyceps Cordyceps acid, containing about 7%, about 25% of protein, fat, about 8.4%, of which 82.2% for the human body can not synthesis but essential unsaturated fatty acids, also contains 28.9% carbohydrates, free amino acids 12 species, 18 kinds of amino acid hydrolysis, in which adults need from the food supply, 8 kinds of amino acids are available, as well as child growth and development necessary for histidine. In addition, still contains a comprehensive vitamin B12, ergosterol and six carbon sugar alcohol, alkaloids, etc..

Cordyceps sinensis to dry the child seat and parasite medicine, Sweet, temperature, gas incense, into the lung and kidney two classics, with benefits lung and kidney, complement bones, just cough and asthma, anti-aging effects, as well as tuberculosis, hepatitis bacteria and so on are lethal. Cordyceps has traditionally not only for medicinal purposes, but also for food, is world-renowned treasures nourishing care.
Goujiaoniao (gǒu jiāo niào 狗浇尿)

GoujiaoniaoThe production of dog urine is poured continuously pouring oiler with oil, so the form is named after the male dogs to urinate. Dog urine poured fermentation and some sub-divided into the "half face" and not sub-fermentation of "unleavened dough," the two.

Niangpi Niangpi (niàng pí 酿皮) is a filter used cooking refined flour, the sauce with about a hundred a feature not object to eating snacks. Eat drink and be anti-inebriation; caught a cold did not increase appetite loss of appetite.

Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Location: Located in the southeast region of Qinghai Province, Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture neighbors Gansu on the east and Sichuan on the south. Its neighbors within the province include Yushu Prefecture to the west and by Haixi, Hainan and Huangnan prefectures to the north.
Tel: 0975-8383842
Recommended Golden Season: The warm season (June to October) is the most favorable period to visit Guoluo, weather-wise. Tourists who love mountain climbing should go to holy Mt. Anyemaqen during late April to June or September to October.
Transportation: Xining is about 440 kilometers (273 miles) from Dawu Town, the seat of Guoluo's prefectural government. Visitors can take a bus from long-distance bus station, located on Jianguo Road in Xining along the Xining-Jiuzhi Highway. This is also the route to Golok Mountain for climbing. The bus station in Dawu Town is located on Tuanjie Road and has daily buses to Xining and Chengdu.