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Home Travel in Guizhou Fanjing Mountain
Fanjing Mountain

   Fanjing Mountain
Fanjing Mountain
(fàn jìng shān 梵净山) is the main peak of Wuling Mountain Range (wǔ líng shān mài 武陵山脉). It is 2572 meters above the sea level, situated in Tongren City (tóng rén shì 铜仁市), Guizhou Province (guì zhōu shěng 贵州省). Fanjing Mountain became one of China’s sacred Buddhist mountains in the 16th century, as famous as the Mount Emei (é méi shān 峨眉山), Wutai Mountain (wǔ tái shān 五台山), Mount Putuo (pǔ tuó shān 普陀山) and Jiuhua Mountain (jiǔ huá shān 九华山).

Qian Golden MonkeyHaving the best preserved ecological system, it has been designated as a national nature reserve. The most valuable animal in Fanjing Mountain is the Qian golden monkey (qián jīn sī hóu 黔金丝猴). Because of the cinerous fur on their back, they also called grey golden monkey (huī jīn sī hóu 灰金丝猴). Fanjing Mountain is the only distribution of these monkeys.

It is said that in the Ming Dynasty (míng cháo 明朝), Queen Li (lǐ huáng hòu 李皇后) practiced Buddhism in Fanjing Mountain, and built temples and molded statues of Buddha. Therefore, the mountain is dotted with temples all over. On the slope between Fanjing Mountain and Golden Peak (jīn dǐng 金顶), there is the Gucha Hall (gǔ chá diàn 古茶殿) also called Cheng’en Hall (chéng ēn diàn 承恩殿). It can be divided into the upper and the lower parts. The upper one is called Shangcha Hall (shàng chá diàn 上茶殿), while the lower Xiacha Hall (xià chá diàn 下茶殿). The walls and the base of all piled up by slates. On the edge of the ruins of the Xiacha Hall, a huge stone tablet is standing there. It is 1.72 meters high and 0.98 meters wide, on which there engeraved more than 1400 Chinese characters. The content is about the history of Fanjing Mountain and vividly described the great scene of the mountain, written by the Zhang Hongxiang (zhāng hóng xiáng 张鸿翔) in the Qing Dynasty (qīng cháo 清朝). In the Golden Peak, there is a tablet, which is originated from the Ming Dynasty. It is a cultural relic with great importance in Fanjing Mountain.

Tianxian BridgeAt the foot of the Fanjing Mountain, there is a Jiuhuang Cave (jiǔ huáng dòng 九皇洞). It is said that the cave is the place Queen Li practiced Buddhism.

In Golden Peak, there is the Jindao Gorge (jīn dāo xiá 金刀峡), on which there are tree bridges connected with each other. Among them there is a Tianxian Bridge (tiān xiān qiáo 天仙桥) constructed during the Ming Dynasty. It is 4 meters long, 1 meter wide, built with the huge stone pieces from 50 kilometers away.

Mushroom Stone on Fanjing MountainFanjing Mountain
Location: Northwest of Tongren City, Guizhou Province
Admission fee: CNY 50
Opening hours: 6:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.
Transportation: you can take a train to Yuping City (yù píng shì 玉屏市), and take a minibus to Tongren, then take a minibus to Fanjing Mountain.