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Home Travel in Shaanxi Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses
Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses
Travel in Shaanxi

warriors and horses


The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses (bīngmǎyǒng 兵马俑) are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. It is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum (qínshǐhuánglíng 秦始皇陵), Lintong County, Shanxi Province. It is a sight not to be missed by any visitor to China.  


The first emperor of a united ChinaUpon ascending the throne at the age of 13 (in 246 BC), Qin Shi Huang, later the first Emperor of all China, had begun to work for his mausoleum. It took 11 years to finish. It is speculated that many buried treasures and sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after life. A group of peasants uncovered some pottery while digging for a well nearby the royal tomb in 1974. It caught the attention of archeologists immediately. They came to Xian in droves to study and to extend the digs. They had established beyond doubt that these artifacts were associated with the Qin Dynasty (211-206 BC).

 The State Council authorized to build a museum on site in 1975. When completed, people from far and near came to visit. Xian and the Museum of Qin Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses have become landmarks on all travelers' itinerary.        Chinese sculpting techniques were already highly advanced over 2,000 years ago.

Life size terracotta figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle formations are the star features at the museum. They are replicas of what the imperial guard should look like in those days of pomp and vigor.

The museum covers an area of 16,300 square meters, divided into three sections: No. 1 Pit, No. 2 Pit, and No. 3 Pit respectively. They were tagged in the order of their discoveries. No. 1 Pit is the largest, first opened to the public on China's National Day, 1979. There are columns of soldiers at the front, followed by war chariots at the back.

No. 2 Pit, found in 1976, is 20 meters northeast of No. 1 Pit. It contained over a thousand warriors and 90 chariots of wood. It was unveiled to the public in 1994.Archeologists came upon No. 3 Pit also in 1976, 25 meters northwest of No. 1 Pit. It looked like to be the command center of the armed Chariot made over 2,000 years ago.forces. It went on display in 1989, with 68 warriors, a war chariot and four horses.

Altogether over 7,000 pottery soldiers, horses, chariots, and even weapons have been unearthed from these pits. Most of them have been restored to their former grandeur.
The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses is a sensational archeological find of all times. It has put Xian on the map for tourists. It was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the world cultural heritages.

 Phone Number  029-81399001
 Opening Hours  08:00 to 18:00
 Adjacent Attractions  Huaqing Pool, Cuihuashan.
 Attractions  A miracle of the world's eighth largest.
 Recommended Time for a Visit  Three hours  
 Location  Lintong District of Xi'an Qinling Road, according
 to South Lishan, bounded by the Wei-shui.
 Bus Route  914 and Tourist Bus 5 (306) at the East Square of
 Xian Railway Station.
 Admission Fee
 Three hours CNY 90 (Mar.1 to Nov. 30), CNY 65
 (Dec. 1 to Feb. 28/29).



Special Tips:
1. Browse Time: 1 hour, to be on tour (guided tours cost 30 yuan)
There are security checks at the entrance, and armed police stood guard.
No matter what time of the visit here will be more, walk slowly guide is not a problem.

2. Outside the terracotta warriors and horses have a lot of cheap fruit, you can buy some
pomegranate and persimmon.

3. Remember outside the main entrance terracotta warriors and horses of the sale of a small
box of Terracotta Warriors and Horses 2 to 3 / box (with home-made and copper, copper
is more expensive 4 yuan).


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