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Practical Chinese

Essential office Chinese :problem
机器系统出毛病了。 There's a system's failure.

出毛病了。 There's a breakdown.

我打电话投诉产品问题。 I'm phoning to complain about the product.

很抱歉。出什么问题了? I'm sorry to hear that. What exactly is the problem?

坏了。/不运行了。/出毛病了。 It's broken./It doesn't work./It's faulty.

我想我能做得更好。 I think I can do better than that.

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Food
汤 tāng soup
沙拉 shā là salad
主菜 zhǔ cài main dish
甜点 tián diǎn dessert
面条 miàn tiáo noodle
汤面 tāng miàn noodle soup
米饭 mǐ fàn cooked rice
面包 miàn bāo bread
馒头 mán tou steamed bread
饺子 jiǎo zi dumpling
饼干 bǐng gān biscuit
蛋糕 dàn gāo cake
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When in Rome,do as the Romans do
入乡随俗 When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
Explanation: Conform to the manners and customs of those amongst whom you live.
Example: 到了法国就要吃西餐,这就叫入乡随俗

失之东隅,收之桑榆 What you lose on the swings you get back on the roundabouts.
Explanation:A rough way of starting a law of average; if you have bad luck on one day you have good on another; if one venture results in loss try a fresh one---it may succeed.
Example: 失之东隅,收之桑榆,我们都知道盲人的听觉、触觉都特别发达。这是为什么?原因在于盲人丧失视觉后,生存的需要促使其它感官...实现心理平衡,这被称为“补偿”
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The Chinese languages not only have tones, they also exhibit, to a greater or lesser extent, a pheno
The Chinese languages not only have tones, they also exhibit, to a greater or lesser extent, a phenomenon called tone sandhi. Sandhi is a Sanskrit word (the Sanskrit language has a long grammatical tradition, which explains the use of Sanskrit words in much of linguistic discourse). It refers to the change of sound in connected speech. A plainer way to say tone sandhi would be changes in tones when they are combined together. The tones that occur in combination with other tones are therefore called sandhi tones. In contrast, the tone that is uttered in isolation is called the citation tone.
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Tones in Chinese
Chinese is a tonal language. All Chinese languages (or “dialects”) have tones.
Although tonal languages may sound exotic, there is nothing special about tones from a physical or physiological point of view. No, Chinese do not possess exotic tone-producing apparatus. The physiological mechanism for producing tones is the same as that for producing intonation, which all languages, including English, employ. The same physiological mechanism is also used for singing. Physically, tones, intonations and singing are all variation of frequency over time.
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