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Chinese History and Culture

Spring Festival

altJust as important as Christmas for the westerners, Spring Festival (chūn jié 春节) is the most important festival for the Chinese people, when all family members get together, no matter how far away they live from home. It makes the transportation systems the busiest in one year, which usually lasts for about half a month. During this period, airports, railway stations and long-distance bus stations are crowded with home returnees.

The Spring Festival falls on the 1st day of the 1st lunar month, often one month later than the Gregorian calendar. It originated in the Shang Dynasty (shāng cháo 商朝, 1600 BC-1100 BC) from the people's sacrifice to gods and ancestors at the end of an old year and the beginning of a new one.

Last Updated on Thursday, 10 September 2009 12:34
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Chinese Festivals(the Chinese calendar)
中国节日(农历) Chinese Festivals(the Chinese calendar)  

农历正月初一 春节(the Spring Festival)

农历正月十五 元宵节(Lantern Festival)

农历五月初五 端午节(the Dragon-Boat Festival)

农历七月初七 乞巧节(中国情人节)(Double-Seventh Day)

农历八月十五 中秋节(the Mid-Autumn Festival)

农历九月初九 重阳节(the Double Ninth Festival)

农历腊月初八 腊八节(the laba Rice Porridge Festival)
Last Updated on Tuesday, 26 August 2008 14:24
 
Festivals in China(the solar calendar)
阳历节日(the solar calendar)

1月1日 元旦(New Year's Day)

2月2日 世界湿地日(World Wetlands Day)

2月14日 情人节(Valentine's Day)

3月3日 全国爱耳日

3月5日 青年志愿者服务日

3月8日 国际妇女节(International Women' Day)

3月9日 保护母亲河日

3月12日 中国植树节(China Arbor Day)

3月14日 白色情人节(White Day)

3月14日 国际警察日(International Policemen' Day)

3月15日 世界消费者权益日(World Consumer Right Day)

3月21日 世界森林日(World Forest Day)

3月21日 世界睡眠日(World Sleep Day)

3月22日 世界水日(World Water Day)

3月23日 世界气象日(World Meteorological Day)

3月24日 世界防治结核病日(World Tuberculosis Day)

4月1日 愚人节(April Fools' Day)
Last Updated on Tuesday, 26 August 2008 14:24
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Meng Jiangnu's Bitter Weeping

Meng Jiangnu TempleThis story happened during the Qin Dynasty (qīng cháo 清朝, 221BC-206BC). There was once an old man named Meng (孟 mèng) who lived in the southern part of the country with his wife. One spring, Meng sowed a seed of bottle gourd in his yard. The bottle gourd grew up bit by bit and its vines climbed over the wall and entered his neighbor Jiang’s yard. Like Meng, Jiang (jiāng 江) had no children and so he became very fond of the plant. He watered and took care of the plant. With tender care of both men, the plant grew bigger and bigger and gave a beautiful bottle gourd in autumn. Jiang plucked it off the vine, and the two old men decided to cut the gourd and divide it by half. To their surprise when they cut the gourd a pretty and lovely girl was lying inside! They felt happy to have a child and both loved her very much, so they decided to bring the child up together. They named the girl Meng Jiangnu (mèng jiāng nǚ 孟姜女), which means Meng and Jiang’s daughter.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 09 September 2009 10:22
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The Cowherd and the Girl Weaver

      Chinese Valentine's Day
The Cowherd and the Girl Weaver (niú láng zhī nǚ 牛郎织女) is one of the Chinese four great folklores. It is concerned with love, which reflect people's recognition of true love. As the story goes, an honest cowherd had been so kind to his ox that the creature told him of a secret pond where the beautiful daughters of the Emperor of Heaven (yù dì 玉帝) bathed. If the cowherd stole one of their clothes, she would be unable to escape and become his wife. As it happened, the girl happened to be the seventh, youngest and most beautiful, daughter of the Emperor of Heaven. They fell in love and lived together happily for many years and bore two children.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 16 September 2009 09:27
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