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Home History and Culture Chinese Traditional Kite Craft
Chinese Traditional Kite Craft
Learn Chinese - History and Culture
Kites were invented by the Chinese people over 2000 years ago. About in the 12th century, Chinese kite spread to the West and oriental and Western kite culture was formed after years of development. In this process, the traditional culture integrated with the kite craft, and finally formed the kite culture with unique characteristics.
Uses of kite have been changed several times in history. According to historical record, kite was first used in military. In the mid Tang Dynasty (618-907), in which the society was stable and peaceful, the use of kites was gradually changed from military to entertainment. With the innovation of papermaking, the raw material of kite changed from silk to paper. Kite became popular among civilians with a richer variety of forms and reached the peak point in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). Participated by the literary, the making and the decoration of kites underwent great development. Kite making became a profession due to the large demand.

The Ming (1368-1644) and Qing dynasties,was the peak period of the Chinese kite. The kites underwent great development in size, design, decoration and flying skills. Literators at that time made kite by themselves, and sent to relatives and friends as a gift, regarding it a literary pursuit. In recent years, kite flying has publicized as a sports activity as well as entertainment.

To make a kite, first, the right kind of bamboo strips must be selected for the frame. It should be thick and strong for a kite of large dimensions in order to stand the wind pressure. The regular paper or sometime silk is used to cover the frame. Silk kites, especially, are more durable and generally of higher artistic value. Third, painting the kite may be done in each way. Kites could be generally divided into two categories: the Hard Wing and the Soft Wing. The Hard Wing can endure more air pressure and competitively fly higher, whilst the latter can fly farther, although it can not fly as high. In patterns, besides the traditional ones of animals, birds, worms, fishes, new patterns of human images emerged in modern times.

China has a large area of territory. As a traditional culture and folk art, kite has formed unique style of different regions during its development, among which the most famous ones are the styles of Beijing, Tianjin, Weifang in Shangdong Province, Sichuan and Guangdong Province.




中国风筝以细竹扎成骨架,再糊以纸或绢制作而成。传统的中国风筝工艺包括"扎、糊、绘、放"四种技艺,"扎"即要达到对称,使风筝左右两侧的受风面积相当;"糊"即要保证整体平整,干净利落;"绘"即要做到远眺清楚,近看真实的效果;"放"即要依据风力调整提线角度。风筝的种类主要分为"硬翅"和"软翅"两类,"硬翅"风筝翅膀坚硬,吃风大,飞的高。"软翅"风筝柔软,飞不高,但飞的远。在样式上,除传统的禽、兽、虫、鱼外,近代还发展出了人物风筝等新样式。 中国地域辽阔,风筝作为中国的传统文化和民间艺术,在长期发展过程中,产生出许多具有不同地域特色的种类、样式和流派。其中以北京、天津、山东潍坊、四川、广东所制的风筝最为著名。

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