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Liuqin
Learn Chinese - History and Culture
a smaller version of pipa with four strings, which sound similar to mandolin.

Liuqin is played with a piece of spectrum, and is used to be accompany instrument for folk songs and local opera. However, in recent decades, Composer Wang Huiran made great contribution to its making and composed many pieces such that the liuqin also becomes a soloist instrument.

song: Spring comes to Yihe River


柳琴

民间弹弦乐器。柳琴,因它形状象柳叶,所以叫柳琴或柳叶琴。俗名土琵琶,金刚腿。是苏北鲁南一带的柳琴戏及安徽泗洲戏的主要伴奏乐器。

原来的柳琴是二弦、七品,丝弦,用拨子弹奏。经过多次改革,制成了高音柳琴,将二弦七品改为四弦二十四品,依半音排列,扩大了音域,便于转调;又改丝弦为尼龙弦,增大了音量,使音色更加优美。丰富了民族乐队弹弦乐组的高音部。

柳琴发音刚劲清脆,锐利明亮。常用的演变技法右手有弹、挑、双弹、扫拂、滚奏等;左手技法有打弦、带弦、泛音、推拉等。演奏时,琴斜置胸前,左手持琴按弦,右手执拨弹奏。琴拨赛璐珞、塑料或牛角制,呈三角形、四边形或长条形片状。

柳琴独奏曲有《春到沂河》(王惠然曲)以及柳琴与乐队的《山寨风情》(张进曲)等。
 

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