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Home Living in China Chinese Law Provisions on the Implementation of the International Copyright Treaties
Provisions on the Implementation of the International Copyright Treaties
Chinese Law
Provisions on the Implementation of the International Copyright Treaties
实施国际著作权条约的规定
(Effective Date:1992.09.30--Ineffective Date:)

Article 1 These Provisions are formulated to implement the international copyright treaties and to protect the legitimate rights and interests of the owners of copyright in foreign works.

Article 2 With regard to the protection of foreign works, the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as "the Copyright Law"), the Regulations for the Implementation of Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China, the Regulations for the Protection of Computer Software and these Provisions shall apply.

Article 3 The "international copyright treaties" mentioned in these Provisions refers to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (hereinafter referred to as "the Berne Convention") to which the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as "China") is a party, and the bilateral agreements on copyright which China has concluded with foreign countries.

Article 4 Foreign works mentioned in these Provisions shall include:
(1) works of which the author or one of the co-authors or the other owner of copyright or one of the co-owners of copyright is a national or a permanent resident of a country party to the international copyright treaties;

(2) works of which the author is not a national or a permanent resident of a country party to international copyright treaties but which have been first published or published simultaneously in a country party of the international copyright treaties;

(3) Works created by others by commission from a Chinese-foreign equity joint venture, a Chinese-foreign contractual joint venture or a foreign- capital enterprise which, by virtue of a contract, is the owner of copyright or one of the coowners of copyright of the work.

Article 5 With regard to the term of protection for unpublished foreign works, the provisions of Articles 20 and 21 of the Copyright Law shall apply.

Article 6 In the case of foreign works of applied art, the term of protection shall be 25 years commencing from the creation of the works.

The preceding paragraph, however, shall not apply to the works of fine arts, including designs of cartoon characters, used in industrial goods.

Article 7 Foreign computer programmes shall be protected as literary works, shall not be subject to registration and shall enjoy a term of protection of 50 years commencing from the end of the year of their first publication.

Article 8 Foreign works created by compiling non-protected materials shall be protected in accordance with the provisions of Article 14 of the Copyright Law, provided that originality is shown in the selection and arrangement of such materials.

Such protection, however, shall not preclude others from using the same materials to create works of compilation.

Article 9 Foreign video recordings shall be protected as cinematographic works to the extent that international copyright treaties treat them as such works.

Article 10 Prior authorization of the copyright owners shall be required if a published foreign work created in Chinese is to be translated into and published in the language of a minority nationality.

Article 11 Copyright owners of foreign works have the right to authorize others to perform before the public their works in any manner and by any means, or to communicate to the public the performance of their works.

Article 12 Copyright owners of foreign cinematographic works, television works and works of video recordings have the right to authorize others to perform before the public their works.

Article 13 Prior authorization of the copyright owner shall be required for newspapers and periodicals to reprint a foreign work, except the reprinting of articles on current political, economic and social topics.

Article 14 Copyright owners of foreign works may authorize or prohibit rental of copies of their works after authorizing others to distribtute such copies.

Article 15 Copyright owners of foreign works have the right to prohibit the importation of the following types of copies of their works:
(1) infringing copies;

(2) copies coming from a country where their works are not protected.

Article 16 In the case of public performance, recording and broadcasting of foreign works, the provisions of the Berne Convention shall apply. Where there is a collective administration organization, prior authorization of such organization shall be required.

Article 17 Foreign works which, at the date on which the international copyright treaties enter into force in China, have not fallen into the public domain in their countries of origin shall be protected until the expiration of the term of protection as is prescribed in the Copyright Law and these Provisions.

The preceding paragraph shall not apply to the uses of foreign works that had taken place before the international copyright treaties entered into force in China.

A Chinese citizen or legal person who owned and used a particular copy of a foreign work for a particular purpose before the entry into force of the international copyright treaties in China may continue to make use of that copy of the work without liability; but such copy may not be reproduced nor used in any manner susceptible to prejudice unreasonably the legitimate rights and interests of the copyright owner.

The application of the foregoing three paragraphs shall be subject to the provisions of the bilateral agreements on copyright concluded by China with the countries concerned.

Article 18 Articles 5, 12, 14, 15, and 17 of these Provisions shall also apply to sound recordings.

Article 19 Where pre-existing administrative regulations relating to copyright conflict with these Provisions, these Provisions shall apply. Where these Provisions conflict with the international copyright treaties, the international copyright treaties shall apply.

Article 20 The implementation in China of the international copyright treaties shall be the responsibility of the National Copyright Administration of China.

Article 21 The interpretation of these Provisions shall be the responsibility of the National Copyright Administration of China.

Article 22 These Provisions shall enter into force as of September 30, 1992.

实施国际著作权条约的规定
(1992年9月25日国务院令第105号发布)

第一条 为实施国际著作条约,保护外国作品著作权人的合法权益,制定本规定。

第二条 对外国作品的保护,适用《中华人民共和国著作权法》(以下称著作权法)、《中华人民共和国著作权法实施条例》、《计算机软件保护条例》和本规定。

第三条 本规定所称国际著作权条约,是指中华人民共和国(以下称中国)参加的《伯尔尼保护文学和艺术作品公约》(以下称伯尔尼公约)和与外国签订的有关著作权的双边协定。

第四条 本规定所称外国作品,包括:

(一)作者或者作者之一,其他著作权人或者著作权人之一是国际著作权条约成员国的国民或者在该条约的成员国有经常居所的居民的作品;

(二)作者不是国际著作权条约成员国的国民或者在该条约的成员国有经常居所的居民,但是在该条约的成员国首次或者同时发表的作品;

(三)中外合资经营企业、中外合作经营企业和外资企业按照合同约定是著作权人或者著作权人之一的,其委托他人创作的作品。

第五条 对未发表的外国作品的保护期,适用著作权法第二十条、第二十一条的规定。

第六条 对外国实用艺术作品的保护期,为自该作品完成起二十五年。

美术作品(包括动画形象设计)用于工业制品的,不适用前款规定。

第七条 外国计算机程序作为文学作品保护,可以不履行登记手续,保护期为自该程序首次发表之年年底起五十年。

第八条 外国作品是由不受保护的材料编辑而成,但是在材料的选取或者编排上有独创性的,依照著作权法第十四条的规定予以保护。此种保护不排斥他人利用同样的材料进行编辑。

第九条 外国录像制品根据国际著作权条约构成电影作品的,作为电影作品保护。

第十条 将外国人已经发表的以汉族文字创作的作品,翻译成少数民族文字出版发行的,应当事先取得著作权人的授权。

第十一条 外国作品著作权人,可以授权他人以任何方式、手段公开表演其作品或者公开传播对其作品的表演。

第十二条 外国电影、电视和录像作品的著作权人可以授权他人公开表演其作品。

第十三条 报刊转载外国作品,应当事先取得著作权人的授权;但是,转载有关政治、经济等社会问题的时事文章除外。

第十四条 外国作品的著作权人在授权他人发行其作品的复制品后,可以授权或者禁止出租其作品的复制品。

第十五条 外国作品的著作权人有权禁止进口其作品的下列复制品:

(一)侵权复制品;

(二)来自对其作品不予保护的国家的复制品。

第十六条 表演、录音或者广播外国作品,适用伯尔尼公约的规定;有集体管理组织的,应当事先取得该组织的授权。

第十七条 国际著作权条约在中国生效之日尚未在起源国进入公有领域的外国作品,按照著作权法和本规定规定的保护期受保护,到期满为止。

前款规定不适用于国际著作权条约在中国生效之日前发生的对外国作品的使用。

中国公民或者法人在国际著作权条约在中国生效之日前为特定目的而拥有和使用外国作品的特定复制本的,可以继续使用该作品的复制本而不承担责任;但是,该复制本不得以任何不合理地损害该作品著作权人合法权益的方式复制和使用。

前三款规定依照中国同有关国家签订的有关著作权的双边协定的规定实施。

第十八条 本规定第五条、第十二条、第十四条、第十五条、第十七条适用于录音制品。

第十九条 本规定施行前,有关著作权的行政法规与本规定有不同规定的,适用本规定。本规定与国际著作权条约有不同规定的,适用国际著作权条约。

第二十条 国家版权局负责国际著作权条约在中国的实施。

第二十一条 本规定由国家版权局负责解释。

第二十二条 本规定自一九九二年九月三十日起施行。

 

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