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Zheng Chenggong Memorial Hall

Zheng Chenggong Memorial Hall

Zheng Chenggong Memorial Hall (Zhèng Chénggōng Jìniànguǎn 郑成功纪念馆) is built as Memorial Museum of Chinese celebrities. Establishment of it for the 300 anniversary of Taiwan return to the motherland in February 1962. Memorial Hall is Koxinga (Guóxìngyé 国姓爷) troops in the camp and command navy drilled so far there are still exists many celebrities pictures, Zhai Men sites and celebrity inscriptions. Located in the notable tourist attraction of Gulangyu Island in Xiamen of Fujian Province, It covers an area of more than 13,000 square meters, and the awing and mighty bronze bust of Zheng Chenggong (Zhèng Chénggōng 郑成功) is erected in the front of the Memorial Hall.
 

Picture of Zheng ChenggongMain Showrooms Of Memorial Hall
Memorial hall in addition to the preamble, a total of seven showrooms, display: the young age of Zheng Chenggong, salvaging move righteous anti-China, the development of Taiwan, the righteous cause shine through lasts, the national spirit to inspire future generations. Showroom by a large number of artifacts, documents, graphics, drawing, sculpture, photographs, models and other exhibits, a systematic introduction to Zheng Chenggong, the Ming forces Fuming, the expulsion of the Dutch colonists, to regain the performance of the development of Taiwan and patriotism.


Objects Of Memorial HallCalligraphy of Guomoruo
Exhibit the portrait of Zheng Chenggong, handwriting, jade belt, dressing gowns, epitaph and Cheng genealogy, Koxinga's army off against vine helmet, a shield, armor pieces, shirt fragments, artillery. More than 400 pieces of the historical artifacts on Zheng Chenggong, a cultural relics collection of information, over 10,000 volumes of literature, is the largest home and abroad Zheng Chenggong heritage literature collection centers and research base. Established in 1962 to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Zheng Chenggong recovered Taiwan (Táiwān 台湾).


Name Meaning Of Zheng Chenggong
Interior of Memorial Hall
Zheng Chenggong , known to the West as Koxinga, is a Ming Dynasty icon, still celebrated in China today as a national hero. Depending on who you ask, Koxinga was either a ruthless and brutal pirate ruffian or a heroic soldier brimming with charisma and loyalty to the Ming. No matter which school of thought you subscribe to, it was Koxinga who led Chinese troops to victory over the Dutch East India Company for control of Taiwan in 1662, thereby ending almost four decades of Dutch occupancy. Later, Koxinga reinforced his popular nationalist image by his continued resistance to the Manchu (Mǎnzú 满族) invaders that became the Qing Dynasty (Qīngcháo 清朝). The Zheng Chenggong Memorial Hall commemorates his famous victory, along with other significant events in Koxinga's life. A collection of swords, stone inscriptions and bronze cannon are on display while a jade belt said to be worn by Koxinga is proudly exhibited as the hall's focal point.
 

Zheng Chenggong Resisting the Qing Dynasty
Seal of Zheng ChenggongBy 1650, Koxinga was strong enough to establish himself as the head of the Zheng family. He pledged allegiance to the only remaining claimant to the throne of the Ming Dynasty, the Yongli Emperor. The Yongli Emperor was fleeing from the Manchus in south-western China with a motley court and hastily assembled army at the time. Despite one fruitless attempt, Koxinga was unable to do anything to aid the last Ming emperor.Instead, he decided to concentrate on securing his     own position on the southeast coast. Koxinga enjoyed a series of military successes in 1651 and 1652 that increased the Qing government's anxiety over the threat he posed.The fight carried out massacre in Zhangzhou. Zheng Zhilong wrote a letter to his son from Beijing, presumably at the request of the Shunzhi Emperor and the Qing government, urging his son to negotiate with the Manchurians. The long series of negotiations between Koxinga and the Qing Dynasty lasted until November 1654. The Qing government appointed Prince Jidu to lead an attack on Koxinga's territory after the failed negotiations.

On 9 May 1656, Jidu's armies attacked Jinmen, an island near Xiamen that Koxinga had been using to train his troops. Partly as a result of a major storm, the Manchus were defeated and they lost most of their fleet in the battle. Koxinga had sent one of his naval commanders to capture Zhoushan island prior to Jidu's attack,and now that the Manchus were temporarily without an effective naval force in the Fujian area, Koxinga was free to send a huge army to Zhoushan, which he intended to use as a base to capture Nanjing.


Death Of Zheng ChenggongAround Environment Of Memorial Hall
Koxinga died of malaria at the age of 37. There were speculations that he died in a sudden fit of madness when his officers refused to carry out his orders to execute his son Zheng Jing. Zheng Jing had an affair with his wet nurse and conceived a child with her. Zheng Jing succeeded his father as the King of Tungning.



Travel Tips
Location: Yongchun Road No. 73. Gulangyu ,Xiamen City,Fujian Provincce.
Admission Fee:Memorial Hall for free to the public. Units, student groups free to visit by appointment.
Opening Hours: 08:30---17:00.
Driving Directions: Gulangyu Ferry Terminal - Sunlight Rock Scenic Area.
Tel: 0592—2061921.

Nearby Spots Recommend
Gulangyu Island
Kulangsu (Gǚlàngyǚ 鼓浪屿) , literally "Drum Wave Islet" is a car-free island off the coast of Xiàmén, Fujian Province in southern China, about 2 square kilometers (0.77 sq mi) in area. The island landscape typically famous for its beautiful scene , known for it lovely nick name of "Sea Garden" is also a national sign of scenic spots.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 17 July 2012 19:26
 

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