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Jiangxi Province Travel Guide

Jiangxi Attractions

Jiangxi (jiāng xī 江西), also called "Gan (gàn 赣)" for short, is one of China's inland provinces. It is located in the southeastern part of the country, on the southern bank of the Yangtze River,with a Population of 44 millions (A.D. 2008). Hills and mountains account for 60 per cent of the province's total area. It borders Zhejiang (zhè jiāng 浙江) and Fujian (fú jiàn 福建) in the east, Guangdong (guǎng dōng 广东) in the south, Hunan (hú nán 湖南) in the west and Hubei (hú běi 湖北) and Anhui (ān huī 安徽) in the north, covering a total area of 166,900km2. With numerous rivers and streams, fertile soil and a dense population, it is known as the "granary south of the Yangtze River". It's provincial capital is Nanchang (nán chāng 南昌).

Geography & ClimateClick to enlarge the map of Jiangxi
Mountains surround Jiangxi on three sides. The southern half of the province is hilly with ranges and valleys interspersed; while the northern half is flatter and lower in altitude. The Gan River (gàn jiāng 赣江) dominates the province, flowing through the entire length of the province from south to north. It enters Poyang Lake in the north, the largest freshwater lake of China, that lake in turn empties into the Yangtze River, which forms part of the northern border of Jiangxi.

Resting south of the Yangtze River in a sub-tropical area, Jiangxi Province has a warm and humid climate. Under such weather conditions, agriculture flourishes. The annual temperature is between 16 to 20 degrees C. and annual precipitation is between 1,300 to 2000 mm.

Cold and warm air currents tend to meet in this area, bringing with them intermittent drizzles, known as Plum Rain, in spring and rainstorms in summer. Autumn tends to bring fairly dry weather, making this the best time to come. The most famous climatic area is Nanchang, known all over China as one of the "four furnaces", along with Nanjing (nán jīng 南京), Chongqing (zhòng qìng 重庆) and Wuhan (wǔ hàn 武汉).

Jiangxi History & Culture
Jingdezhen PorcelainJiangxi is the main area of concentration of the Gan varieties of Chinese, spoken over most of the northern two-thirds of the province. The southern one-third of the province speaks Hakka. There are also Mandarin, Huizhou, and Wu dialects spoken along the northern border. Prominent examples of Hakka architecture can be found in Jiangxi. Since ancient times, Jiangxi has been a center of education and culture. Many talented natives have become known nationally for their accomplishments. These include writers, poets, philosophers, educators, dramatists, scientists, painters, engineers, and calligraphers.

Jiangxi boasts a great reputation in Chinese revolutionary history. As the "hometown" of the Red Army and the People's Liberation Army, she witnessed the establishment of the first revolutionary base by the Communist Party of China, which unveiled a new epoch of the revolutionary career. Jiangxi was the home of the first socialist authority and it was there that the Long March started, leading to the success of the revolution.Jiangxi cuisine

Jiangxi Opera (gàn jù 赣剧) is the type of Chinese opera performed in Jiangxi. Jingdezhen is widely regarded as the producer of the best porcelain in China. In addtion, Jiangxi cuisine is rich and distinctive. Flavors are some of the strongest in China, with heavy use of chili peppers and pickled and fermented products.

Jiangxi Tourism Resources
Jiangxi has beautiful landscapes with green mountains and clear waters. The major scenic spots include: Mt. Lushan (lú shān 庐山), Mt. Jinggangshan (jǐng gāng shān 井冈山), Mt. Longhushan (lóng hǔ shān 龙虎山), Mt. Sanqingshan (sān qīng shān 三清山), Poyang Lake (pó yáng hú 鄱阳湖), and the cities of Nanchang ,Wuyuan (wù yuán 婺源) and Jingdezhen (jǐng dé zhèn 景德镇), etc. People are always advised to "enjoy the azaleas in the spring on Jinggang Mountain, seek the coolness in the summer at Lushan Mountain, go for adventure tours in the autumn at Sanqing Mountain and admire the migrating birds in the winter in Poyang Lake."

Nanchang
Nanchang Nanchang is the capital of Jiangxi Province and is the cultural, economic and scientific center. With deep historical ties, it is known as Heroes' City. It was the birthplace of the Chinese People's Liberation Army where the August 1st Uprising (bā yī qǐ yì 八一起义) began. As one of the ancient cultural cities in China, Nanchang was built as early as 201 B.C, and became a famous metropolis in the Tang (táng 唐) and Song (sòng 宋) dynasties. Its geographical location made Nanchang a strategic importance. There are many tourist attractions in Nanchang. Standing west of Nanchang, Tengwang Pavilion (téng wáng gé 滕王阁) is among the three most famous towers in China.

Mt. Lushan
Mt. LushanLocated to the south of Jiujiang (jiǔ jiāng 九江), Mt. Lushan is the best-known scenic area and summer resort, with the Poyang Lake lying to its east and the Yangtze River flowing by its north. Mt. Lushan possesses beautiful natural sceneries. Towering peaks, changeable sea of clouds,numerous gurgling springs and waterfalls cascading down the precipitous cliffs form a fascinating scenery. The main scenic spots include Wulao Peak (wǔ lǎo fēng 五老峰), Lulin Lake (lú lín hú 芦林湖), etc. Mt. Lushan attracts tourists also for its being always shrouded in swirling mist and clouds. It is also famous for its ancient temples.

Mt. Longhushan
Mt. LonghushanIt is the birthplace of Chinese Taoism, located in Yingtan (yīng tán 鹰潭) of Jiangxi. The Taoism culture experiencing a very long history, beautiful and unique green hills with wandering streams and springs among them, and the mysterious cliff tombs that can not be explained by modern science are the three most amazing and attractive points among the natural and cultural sceneries in the Resort. Mt. Longhushan is of typical reddish landform. The mountain massif is composed of red sandstones in various shapes. Their reflections can be clearly seen in the crystal-clear Luxi River (lú xī 泸溪), forming gorgeous scenery.

Mt. Jinggangshan
Mt. JinggangshanSituated in the border area between Jiangxi and Hunan, Mt. Jinggangshan is not only a famous revolutionary site of China, but also a major famous scenic area, with more than twenty scenic spots. In October 1927, Chairman Mao led the army to the Mt. Jinggangshan and established the first revolutionary base area of the Chinese Communist Party. A long period of revolutionary struggle of the Red Army has left a great number of revolutionary sites. The Mt. Jinggangshan  also possesses many magnificent natural sceneries. Beautiful waterfalls here enjoy good fame.

Mt. Sanqingshan
Mt. SanqingshanThe Mt. Sanqingshan is a renowned Taoist Mountain ,lying in the northeast of Jiangxi Province, with Yujing Peak (yù jīng fēng 玉京峰) as its highest peak (altitude 1816.9m). It is a natural museum for the evolvement process of granite hill forest which is composed of with ridges and peak, apex wall, apex woods, apex pillar and stone sprout, etc. It is a famous honeypot in mainland China as well as a shelter for animals and plants. It contains about 1000 species of flora and 800 types of fauna. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008.

Jingdezhen
JingdezhenIt should be the highlight of Jiangxi travel, as the 'Capital of Porcelain' in China. It lies in the northwest part of Jiangxi Provence, adjoining Zhejiang and Anhui Province. Jingdezhen is known to the world mainly because of its porcelain production. The tourism resource of Jingdezhen is rich with deep connotation, and owns the special privilege including the ceramics culture, place of culture interest and ecological environment and so on, particularly in advantageous condition of the ceramics resource. Today, it remains a national center for porcelain production. While in this ancient town, tourists can visit many pottery factories and ancient kiln sites.

Wuyuan
WuyuanThis is about the best time to visit Wuyuan in Jiangxi Province, when a trek in the old villages in May offers refreshing views of hills covered in yellow rape flowers, green farmland, exuberant camphor trees, creeks and small rapids. Villages lie along small rivers, trees stand on riverbanks, and old farmers leisurely drive ducks toward a pond, forming a typical Chinese countryside scene. Wuyuan has at least 50 old villages that have remained almost unchanged over the last century. However, it is known not only for its natural scenery, but also for its glorious past. The green tea produced in Wuyuan is well-known throughout China.

Jiangxi Transportation
Transportation of Jiangxi depends greatly on its comprehensive networks of railroads, superhighways and waterways. Nanchang, the provincial capital, is the region's heart.

By Air

Changbei Airport
(chāng běi jī chǎng 昌北机场) in Nanchang is a modern international air hub located north of the city. Flights to 29 major cities in China, including Hongkong, are available weekly, some daily.
In addition, Jiangxi has other civilian airports in:
Ganzhou (gàn zhōu 赣州) with flights to Guangzhou (guǎng zhōu 广州) (1 hour), Nanchang (1.5 hours), Shanghai Pudong (shàng hǎi pǔ dōng 上海浦东) (4.5 hours) and Xiamen (xià mén 厦门) (1.5 hours) available.
Jingdezhen with flight to Beijing (2.5 hours), Guangzhou (1.5 hours) and Shanghai Pudong (1 hour).

By Train
Jiangxi has an advanced railroad network. Nanchang is the only provincial capital on the Beijing - Kowloon line (jīng jiǔ xiàn 京九线).
Other major lines include:
The Hangzhou (háng zhōu 杭州) - Nanchang line
The Nanjing - Nanchang line
The Yingtan - Xiamen line
The Wuhan - Jiujiang line
There are trains available from Nanchang to Guangzhou (15 hours), Shanghai (12 hours), and several cities in Jiangxi, including Jiujiang (1.5 hours) and Ji'an (jí ān 吉安) (4 hours).

By Bus
The superhighway infrastructure in Jiangxi is well developed. The Jiujiang - Nanchang (less than 2 hours) superhighway and Jiujiang - Jingdezhen (less than 2hours) superhighway have been completed. There are also six National highways linking Jiangxi with Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Anhui, Hunan, Hubei.

By Boat
Jiangxi is known locally as the "Water Country", a result of the four river branch network, the river's Gan and Xin longitudinally, and the Yangzi and the Chang flowing latitudinally. These rivers, along with the large Poyang Lake, are still used as useful modes of transporting goods and people. Jiujiang remains a major freshwater port city, and ferries from a number of cities and towns in the province can still take you on the Yangtze as far as Wuhan (12 hours), Nanjing (24 hours) and even Shanghai (50 hours).


Last Updated on Friday, 19 November 2010 09:48
 

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