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Chaozhou

 Guangji Bridge
Chaozhou City
(cháo zhōu shì 潮州市) is in the east of Guangdong Province (guǎng dōng shěng 广东省). It lies in the middle and lower reaches of the Hanjiang River (hán jiāng 韩江). Chaozhou covers an area of 3,613 square kilometers and has a coastal line of 136 kilometers. It is a famous national historical and cultural city in South China, the renowned Qiaoxiang (qiáo xiāng 侨乡) and a tourism city opening to the outside World, the Porcelain Capital in China, the famous town of Chinese evening wear and the hometown of Chaozhou Cuisine.

Tourism
There are numerous famous sites in Chaozhou, for example, Guangji Bridge (guǎng jì qiáo 广济桥), Kaiyuan Temple (kāi yuán sì 开元寺), Chaozhou West Lake (cháo zhōu xī hú 潮州西湖), the Hanwengong Temple (hán wén gōng cí 韩文公祠), Binjiang Long Gallery (bīn jiāng zhǎng láng 滨江长廊) etc..

Guangji BridgeGuangji Bridge
Guangji Bridge, commonly named Xiangzi Bridge (xiāng zǐ qiáo 湘子桥), is the first bascule bridge in the world, and one of the four most famous ancient bridges in China, the other three are Zhaozhou Bridge (zhào zhōu qiáo 赵州桥), Luoyang Bridge (luò yáng qiáo 洛阳桥) and Jihong Bridge (jì hóng qiáo 霁虹桥). Guangji Bridge is located in the east of Chaozhou’s old city wall. It was first built by Zeng Wang (zēng wāng 曾汪) in 1171 during the Song Dynasty (sòng cháo 宋朝). The bridge is 517.95 meters in length and it has 24 piers and 18 shuttle ships, these piers are precious relics of Chinese architecture. The middle section of the bridge was rebuilt to be supported by 18 shuttle boats that allowed the structure to open and close. Guangji Bridge connects eastern Guangdong to Fujian (fú jiàn 福建) and Jiangxi (jiāng xī 江西) and that Hanjiang controls the eastern Guangdong water traffic, so it used to a busy commodity exchange centre.

Location:
outside the East Gate of the Old City Wall (gǔ chéng 古城), Chaozhou
Admission fee: RMB 60
Opening hours: 10:00 a.m.- 5:30 p.m. (Monday to Friday)
                          9:00 a.m.- 5:30 p.m. (Weekends and Holidays)
Transportation: Bus: No. 3, 10

Kaiyuan TempleKaiyuan Temple
Kaiyuan Temple is one of the only four extant Kaiyuan temples in China and one of the big four temples of Chaozhou. With a history of over 200 years, the temple is a Buddhist center embodied with the quintessence of the architectural art of various dynasties such as the Tang, the Song, the Yuan and the Qing. The temple is also home to the most influential Buddhism Study Institute in Southeast China.

Location:
No. 32 Kaiyuan Road (kāi yuán lù 开元路), Xiangqiao District (xiāng qiáo qū 湘桥区), Chaozhou City, Guangdong Province
Admission fee: RMB 5
Opening hours: 6:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m.
Transportation: you can take the No. 3 inner ring bus

Chaozhou West LakeChaozhou West Lake
Chaozhou West Lake is a branch of Hanjiang River in the past. It is collapsing embankment into the thin-Great Lakes. According to "Fang Yu Minutes (fāng yú jì yào 方舆纪要)" recoreds, "Miangen in more than 10 (mián gèn shí yú lǐ 绵亘十余里)." The lake is surrounded by the green hills on one side and waters on the other side. It is the ancient city of Chaozhou City for Ho (háo 濠), commonly known as "Chi Cheng Hao (chéng háo chí 城壕池)." Now as the Westernization of the urban construction center, the lake has been a green watershed between the ancient urban and new urban, it is also the link of the city Tenghui (téng huī 腾辉). In the implementation of the "protect old city areas, build a new city" of the principle of urban construction, when the two balance each other and make progress together. If the construction plan of Chaozhou city has been targeted in the landscape garden-style, then, the ancient city of the West Lake area is a green garden lobe and can be regarded as the green pearl in the new century.

Location: Huancheng west Road (huán chéng xī lù 环城西路), Chaozhou City
Admission fee: RMB 8 (daytime), RMB 5 (nighttime)
Opening hours: 6:30 a.m.- 9:00 p.m.
Transportation: you can take the No. 3 inner ring or No. 1 bus

Han Wen Gong TempleHan Wen Gong Temple
The Han Wen Gong Temple is located on the foot of Bijia Mountain (bǐ jià shān 笔架山) at the bank of Hanjiang River in Chaozhou. It was built in the Song dynasty to commemorate Hanyu (hán yù 韩愈), a famous historical scholar who helped local people to develop education, agriculture, irrigation and release slaves. There are 40 stele carvings of successive dynasties kept in the temple. When climbing to the “shilang pavilion (shì láng gé 侍郎阁)”, you will have an overlook to Chaozhou City, the beautiful ancient city.

Location: Dongxing north Road (dōng xìng běi lù 东兴北路), Xiangqiao District, Chaozhou City
Admission fee: RMB 10
Opening hours: 8:00 a.m.- 6:00 p.m.
Transportation: you can take the No. 3 bus

The eight views of Chaozhou are Xiang Bridge Spring Swelling (xiāng qiáo chūn zhǎng 湘桥春涨), Xi Hu Yu Fa (xī hú yú fá 西湖渔筏), Bei Ge Fo Deng (běi gé fó dēng 北阁佛灯), E Du Qiu Feng (è dù qiū fēng 鳄渡秋风), Long Qiu Bao Ta (lóng qiū bǎo tǎ 龙湫宝塔), Feng Huang Shi Yu (fèng huáng shí yǔ 凤凰时雨), Han Ci Xiang Mu (hán cí xiàng mù 韩祠橡木), Jin Shan Gu Song (jīn shān gǔ sōng 金山古松).

Chaoju Opera
Chaoju OperaChaoju Opera (cháo jù 潮剧), also called Chaozhou Opera (cháo zhōu xì 潮州戏), is emerged in Chaozhou firstly. It is popular in Guangdong and Fujian Minnan (fú jiàn mǐn nán 福建闽南) where people speak Chaozhou dialect. Derived from Southern Drama in Song (sòng cháo 宋朝) and Yuan Dynasties (yuán cháo 元朝), Chaoju Opera has a history of more than four hundred and thirty years. Bases on the folk dances and ballad-singing of the Chaozhou region, it formed its own style. Its tunes are graceful and pleasant, full of local color. Chaoju Opera consist of two traditional plays, one type was originated from the legend of sounthern drama and poetic drama, for example The Story of Pipa (pí pá jì 琵琶记), Jing Chai Ji (jīng chāi jì 荆钗记) etc.. The other type is based on local folklore and current affairs, like Li Jing Ji (lì jìng jì 荔镜记), Su Liu Niang (sū liù niáng 苏六娘) and so on. Some of the famous artresses and actors are Hong Miao (hóng miào 洪妙), Yao Xuanqiu (yáo xuán qiū 姚璇秋), Zhang Changcheng (zhāng cháng chéng 张长城) etc..

Kungfu Tea
KungfuTea (gōng fū chá 功夫茶) is the most famous one of Chaozhou tea culture. It was Kungfu Teaoriginated in the Ming Dynasty and flourishing in Qing Dynasty (qīng cháo 清朝). Now it is still popular and remains an important part of social etiquette in Chaozhou. Kungfu Tea is very common in the local region of Chaozhou. People drink it not only for quenching thirst but also for contacting friends. If you visit a family, you will sure be entertained one round of Kungfu tea. To make tasty Kungfu Tea, high quality tea leaves, water and appropriate temperature control are important. The basic method of making Kungfu Tea is, firstly clean the teapot with boiling water to make better tea with a warm teapot. Then fill in the teapot with a big handful of tea leaves. Secondly pour boiling water into teapot. A few seconds later, the tea should be poured into cups. Lastly pour tea with a few rounds of circular motions into each cup so as to make sure the tea in all the cups is the same in terms of color and fragrance.You will find it tastes bitter at the beginning, but it is the lingering aftertaste that makes Kungfu tea probably the most charming tea culture in China.

Chaozhou CuisineChaozhou Cuisine
Chaozhou cuisine (cháo zhōu cài 潮州菜)is a local cooking style in Chaozhou and Shantou area. It is a major part of the Guangdong Cuisine (guǎng dōng cài 广东菜). Chaozhou cuisine originated from Chaoshan Plain (cháo shàn píng yuán 潮汕平原) about one thousand years ago.
Seafood is the most famous in Chaozhou cuisine. It is often enhanced by piquant sauces, such as tangerine jam for steamed lobsters and broad-bean paste for fish. Duck and goose are other Chaozhou favourites; the region's famed spicy goose is served with garlic and vinegar sauce.. Its use of flavoring is much less heavy-handed than most other Chinese cuisines and depends much on the freshness and quality of the ingredients for taste and flavor. The mouthwatering prawns, oysters, crabs and eels, combined with family-made pickles, play a symphony of traditional cuisine and leave people with everlasting impression. Such richly flavored dishes reflect the culinary influence of the Chaozhou people's northeastern neighbors, the Fujianese.

Chaozhou CeramicsChaozhou Ceramics
Chaozhou is regarded as South China's Porcelain Capital. It is also the birthplace of Chinese crramisc culture with a long history, unique style and various types. Chaozhou is rich in clay resource and has a ceramics industry that is over 2,300 years old. Fengxi (fēng xī 枫溪), the center of ceramic production at Chaozhou, is home to more than 3,000 factories. The technical ceramics is particularly renowned for its 'white like a jade, thin as a piece of paper, bright like a mirror, fine like thread.' Now Chaozhou has became the main base for ceremics export in China.

 

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