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Regulations on the Protection of the Right of Communication through Information Network(draft)
Regulations on the Protection of the Right of Communication through Information Network(draft)
信息网络传播权保护条例

Regulations on the Protection of the Right of Communication through Information Network(draft)

Article 1

These Regulations are formulated, in accordance with the Copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the Copyright Law), for the purposes of protecting the right of communication through information network of copyright owners and copyright-related right owners (hereinafter referred to as right owners) and encouraging the communication to the public of highly rated works, performances, and sound and video recordings.

Article 2

For the purpose of these Regulations, (1) “information network” means an information system that is capable of making available to the public of works, performances, or sound and video recordings by wire or wireless means in such a way that members of the public may access these works, performances, or sound and video recordings from a place and at a time individually chosen by them;

(2) “technological measures” means effective devices or methods used by right owners or exclusive licensees for preventing or restricting unauthorized or unlawful access to, or communication to the public of, their works, performances, or sound and video recordings through information network;

(3) “electronic rights management information” means texts, numbers or codes that identify works, performances, or sound and video recordings as well as their right owners or exclusive licensees, or that specify the terms and conditions of use of the works, performances, or sound and video recordings, when any of these items of information appears in connection with the communication to the public through information network of works, performances, or sound and video recordings.

Article 3

The right of communication through information network enjoyed by right owners in their works, performances, or sound and video recordings consists of both the right to communicate by themselves, and the right to authorize other persons to communicate, their works, performances, or sound and video recordings to the public through information network.

Anyone who uploads other persons’ works, performances, or sound and video recordings to a network server for public access, reproduction or use in other means shall obtain authorization from, and pay remuneration to, the right owners, except where otherwise provided for in laws or regulations.

Article 4

In the following cases, a work may be used without authorization from, and without payment of remuneration to, the copyright owner, provided that the name of the author as well as the title and source of the work are indicated, depending on the circumstances, and that the other rights enjoyed by the copyright owner are not prejudiced:

(1) re-pasting another person’s remarks at a BBS to another BBS, except where the copyright owner declares that re-pasting is not permitted;

(2) unavoidable representation or quotation of another person’s published work on information network for the purpose of reporting current events;

(3) communication to the public through information network of an article on current political, economic or religious topics published by other media, except where the copyright owner declares that communication in other means is not permitted;

(4) communication to the public through information network of a speech delivered at a public gathering, except where the copyright owner declares that communication in other means is not permitted;

(5) provision by a public library of a published work in its collection with its own network reading system for public reading within its premises, provided that the network reading system does not provide copy service and is able to effectively prevent further communication through information network of the work provided for network reading;

(6) reproduction of another person’s webpage for the purpose of providing searching service, provided that the technological measures adopted by the right owner or exclusive licensee are not circumvented, and that no copy function is furnished;

(7) translation of a published work of a Chinese citizen, legal entity or any other organization from Han language into any of minority nationality languages, as well as communication of the translation to the public through information network;

(8) use of software for non-profit purposes in the course of repairing computers or other devices as well as systems or networks, or demonstrating their functions.

The first paragraph shall also be applicable to the limitations on rights of performers and producers of sound and video recordings.

Article 5

Except where the copyright owner declares in advance that the use of his work is not permitted, a distance education institution which meets all of the following conditions, in providing network distance education for implementing the nine-year compulsory education and the national educational planning, may use passages of a work, a short written work or musical work, or a single work of fine art or photographic work which has been published to produce textbook software for network distance education, without permission from the copyright owner, provided that the name of the author as well as the title and source of the work are indicated, that remuneration is paid according to regulations, and that the other rights enjoyed by the copyright owner according to law are not prejudiced:

(1) the textbook software is only provided to students registered with the said distance education institution;

(2) the distance education system is able to effectively prevent further communication through information network of the work used in the textbook software;

The first paragraph shall also be applicable to the limitations on the right of communication through information network of performers and producers of sound and video recordings.

Article 6

Except where the copyright owner declares in advance that the use of his work is not permitted, a public library which meets all of the following conditions may provide a published work in its collection with its own network reading system for public reading to registered readers outside its premises, without permission from the copyright owner, provided that the name of the author as well as the title and source of the work are indicated, that remuneration is paid according to regulations, and that the other rights enjoyed by the copyright owner according to law are not prejudiced:

(1) the work provided for network reading has been lawfully published for more than three years;

(2) the network reading system does not provide copy service;

(3) the network reading system is able to precisely record the times the work has been read and to effectively prevent further communication through information network of the work provided for network reading.

Article 7

Except where the copyright owner declares in advance that reproduction or excerpting is not permitted, a written work, work of fine art or photographic work, after being published in a newspaper or periodical or on information network, may be reproduced or used as excerpts or data in another newspaper or periodical or on information network, provided that the name of the author as well as the title and source of the work are indicated, that remuneration is paid according to regulations, and that the other rights enjoyed by the copyright owner according to law are not prejudiced.

Article 8

No one shall circumvent technological measures adopted by right owners or exclusive licensees without their permission to weaken or disable the effect of their technological measures, except where otherwise provided for in these Regulations.

Article 9

In any of the following cases, those who circumvent technological measures without permission of the right owner or exclusive licensee shall not bear legal liabilities:

(1) for the use permitted by law of works, performances, or sound and video recordings communicated through information network;

(2) for the research concerning encryption on information network for non-commercial purposes;

(3) for technical testing to identify or rectify security defects of information network for non-commercial purposes;

(4) for the research concerning browser filtering technologies for non-commercial purposes;

(5) for investigation of illegal or criminal activities on information network.

Article 10

Right owners or exclusive licensees, in adopting technological measures, shall not disrupt or harm other persons’ computers or other devices or systems, nor shall they threat network security or information security.

With regard to the technological measures that may still affect normal access to or use of works, performances, or sound and video recordings after their lawful circumvention, the right owners or exclusive licensees shall specify their uses and features in an explicit form.

Article 11

No one shall remove or alter electronic rights management information of works, performances, or sound and video recordings without permission of the right owners or exclusive licensees, except where otherwise provided for in these Regulations.

The following acts shall not be performed without permission of the right owners or exclusive licensees:

(1) communicating to the public through information network false electronic rights management information;

(2) communicating to the public through information network works, performances, or sound and video recordings whose electronic rights management information has been removed or altered without permission of the right owners or exclusive licensees.

Article 12

Where it is impossible for a radio station or television station to avoid removing or altering the electronic rights management information in broadcasting works, performances, or sound and video recording by way of analogue signals, due to technical or financial difficulties, the said radio station or television station shall not bear legal liabilities.

Article 13

Anyone who illegally uploads other persons’ works, performances, or sound and video recordings to a network server for public access, reproduction or use in other means, or who commits any other illegal act prohibited by these Regulations, shall bear civil liability, depending on the circumstances. Where public interests are impaired, the copyright administrative department may order the person to discontinue the infringing or illegal act, confiscate his unlawful gains and impose a fine. If the circumstances are serious, the copyright administration department may also confiscate the instrument mainly used for the infringing or illegal activities. Where the act constitutes a crime, criminal liability shall be investigated according to law.

Article 14

Anyone who provides the service for storing network content only through automatic technological process shall not bear compensatory liability for storing infringing or illegal network content if one of the following conditions is met:

(1) the service provider does not know that the network content which he stores is infringing or illegal;

(2) the service provider takes down the network content within five days from the time he knows or he ought to know that the specific network content which he stores is infringing or illegal.

The first paragraph shall also be applicable to searching service providers of network content.

Article 15

A right owner, when finding infringing or illegal network content, may send a notification that meets all of the following conditions to the storage service provider or searching service provider of such content, asking for its take-down:

(1) the notification is in a written or printed form, or sent in an email;

(2) the notification indicates the name and address of the right owner or exclusive licensee;

(3) the notification requests a take-down of the infringing or illegal network content and specifies its URL address;

(4) the notification is signed by, or affixed with a seal of, the right owner.

In the absence of proof to the contrary, it shall be presumed that the storage service provider or searching service provider ought to know that the content he stores is infringing or illegal once receiving from the right owner a notification that meets all of the conditions specified in the first paragraph.

Article 16

A storage service provider, who takes down specific network content after receiving the notification provided for in the first paragraph of Article 15, shall not be held liable for breach of contract if one of the following conditions is met:

(1) the service provider notifies the content provider in three days after taking down the specific network content;

(2) the service provider recovers the specific network content that has been taken down in seven days after knowing of the withdrawal of the notification by the right owner or of a ruling by the people’s court that the specific network content is not infringing or illegal.

Article 17

The right owner or exclusive licensee may, for the purpose of litigation or application for provisional measures, apply to the people’s court for requesting the network service provider to offer necessary network registration information. The network service provider who refuses to offer such information without reasonable ground shall bear corresponding legal liabilities.

Article 18

When finding an infringing or illegal act that impairs public interest, the right owner or exclusive licensee may apply to the copyright administrative department for investigation and administrative sanction.

In order to investigate and handle infringing or illegal cases that impair public interest, the copyright administrative department may request the network service provider to offer necessary network registration information. The network service provider who refuses to offer such information without reasonable ground shall bear corresponding legal liabilities.

Article 19

Anyone who suffers a loss because of a wrong take-down of specific network content according to the notification from the right owner may request the right owner to bear the compensatory liability.

Article 20

The right owner or exclusive licensee who violates the provisions in Article 10 of these Regulations shall bear corresponding legal liabilities.

Article 21

These Regulations shall be effective on 2006.

信息网络传播权保护条例

  第一条 为保护著作权人、表演者、录音录像制作者(以下统称权利人)的信息网络传播权,鼓励有益于社会主义精神文明、物质文明建设的作品的创作和传播,根据《中华人民共和国著作权法》(以下简称著作权法),制定本条例。

  第二条 权利人享有的信息网络传播权受著作权法和本条例保护。除法律、行政法规另有规定的外,任何组织或者个人将他人的作品、表演、录音录像制品通过信息网络向公众提供,应当取得权利人许可,并支付报酬。

  第三条 依法禁止提供的作品、表演、录音录像制品,不受本条例保护。

  权利人行使信息网络传播权,不得违反宪法和法律、行政法规,不得损害公共利益。

  第四条 为了保护信息网络传播权,权利人可以采取技术措施。

  任何组织或者个人不得故意避开或者破坏技术措施,不得故意制造、进口或者向公众提供主要用于避开或者破坏技术措施的装置或者部件,不得故意为他人避开或者破坏技术措施提供技术服务。但是,法律、行政法规规定可以避开的除外。

  第五条 未经权利人许可,任何组织或者个人不得进行下列行为:

  (一)故意删除或者改变通过信息网络向公众提供的作品、表演、录音录像制品的权利管理电子信息,但由于技术上的原因无法避免删除或者改变的除外;

  (二)通过信息网络向公众提供明知或者应知未经权利人许可被删除或者改变权利管理电子信息的作品、表演、录音录像制品。

  第六条 通过信息网络提供他人作品,属于下列情形的,可以不经著作权人许可,不向其支付报酬:

  (一)为介绍、评论某一作品或者说明某一问题,在向公众提供的作品中适当引用已经发表的作品;

  (二)为报道时事新闻,在向公众提供的作品中不可避免地再现或者引用已经发表的作品;

  (三)为学校课堂教学或者科学研究,向少数教学、科研人员提供少量已经发表的作品;

  (四)国家机关为执行公务,在合理范围内向公众提供已经发表的作品;

  (五)将中国公民、法人或者其他组织已经发表的、以汉语言文字创作的作品翻译成的少数民族语言文字作品,向中国境内少数民族提供;

  (六)不以营利为目的,以盲人能够感知的独特方式向盲人提供已经发表的文字作品;

  (七)向公众提供在信息网络上已经发表的关于政治、经济问题的时事性文章;

  (八)向公众提供在公众集会上发表的讲话。

  第七条 图书馆、档案馆、纪念馆、博物馆、美术馆等可以不经著作权人许可,通过信息网络向本馆馆舍内服务对象提供本馆收藏的合法出版的数字作品和依法为陈列或者保存版本的需要以数字化形式复制的作品,不向其支付报酬,但不得直接或者间接获得经济利益。当事人另有约定的除外。

  前款规定的为陈列或者保存版本需要以数字化形式复制的作品,应当是已经损毁或者濒临损毁、丢失或者失窃,或者其存储格式已经过时,并且在市场上无法购买或者只能以明显高于标定的价格购买的作品。

  第八条 为通过信息网络实施九年制义务教育或者国家教育规划,可以不经著作权人许可,使用其已经发表作品的片断或者短小的文字作品、音乐作品或者单幅的美术作品、摄影作品制作课件,由制作课件或者依法取得课件的远程教育机构通过信息网络向注册学生提供,但应当向著作权人支付报酬。

  第九条 为扶助贫困,通过信息网络向农村地区的公众免费提供中国公民、法人或者其他组织已经发表的种植养殖、防病治病、防灾减灾等与扶助贫困有关的作品和适应基本文化需求的作品,网络服务提供者应当在提供前公告拟提供的作品及其作者、拟支付报酬的标准。自公告之日起30日内,著作权人不同意提供的,网络服务提供者不得提供其作品;自公告之日起满30日,著作权人没有异议的,网络服务提供者可以提供其作品,并按照公告的标准向著作权人支付报酬。网络服务提供者提供著作权人的作品后,著作权人不同意提供的,网络服务提供者应当立即删除著作权人的作品,并按照公告的标准向著作权人支付提供作品期间的报酬。

  依照前款规定提供作品的,不得直接或者间接获得经济利益。

  第十条 依照本条例规定不经著作权人许可、通过信息网络向公众提供其作品的,还应当遵守下列规定:

  (一)除本条例第六条第(一)项至第(六)项、第七条规定的情形外,不得提供作者事先声明不许提供的作品;

  (二)指明作品的名称和作者的姓名(名称);

  (三)依照本条例规定支付报酬;

  (四)采取技术措施,防止本条例第七条、第八条、第九条规定的服务对象以外的其他人获得著作权人的作品,并防止本条例第七条规定的服务对象的复制行为对著作权人利益造成实质性损害;

  (五)不得侵犯著作权人依法享有的其他权利。

  第十一条 通过信息网络提供他人表演、录音录像制品的,应当遵守本条例第六条至第十条的规定。

  第十二条 属于下列情形的,可以避开技术措施,但不得向他人提供避开技术措施的技术、装置或者部件,不得侵犯权利人依法享有的其他权利:

  (一)为学校课堂教学或者科学研究,通过信息网络向少数教学、科研人员提供已经发表的作品、表演、录音录像制品,而该作品、表演、录音录像制品只能通过信息网络获取;

  (二)不以营利为目的,通过信息网络以盲人能够感知的独特方式向盲人提供已经发表的文字作品,而该作品只能通过信息网络获取;

  (三)国家机关依照行政、司法程序执行公务;

  (四)在信息网络上对计算机及其系统或者网络的安全性能进行测试。

  第十三条 著作权行政管理部门为了查处侵犯信息网络传播权的行为,可以要求网络服务提供者提供涉嫌侵权的服务对象的姓名(名称)、联系方式、网络地址等资料。

  第十四条 对提供信息存储空间或者提供搜索、链接服务的网络服务提供者,权利人认为其服务所涉及的作品、表演、录音录像制品,侵犯自己的信息网络传播权或者被删除、改变了自己的权利管理电子信息的,可以向该网络服务提供者提交书面通知,要求网络服务提供者删除该作品、表演、录音录像制品,或者断开与该作品、表演、录音录像制品的链接。通知书应当包含下列内容:

  (一)权利人的姓名(名称)、联系方式和地址;

  (二)要求删除或者断开链接的侵权作品、表演、录音录像制品的名称和网络地址;

  (三)构成侵权的初步证明材料。

  权利人应当对通知书的真实性负责。

  第十五条 网络服务提供者接到权利人的通知书后,应当立即删除涉嫌侵权的作品、表演、录音录像制品,或者断开与涉嫌侵权的作品、表演、录音录像制品的链接,并同时将通知书转送提供作品、表演、录音录像制品的服务对象;服务对象网络地址不明、无法转送的,应当将通知书的内容同时在信息网络上公告。

  第十六条 服务对象接到网络服务提供者转送的通知书后,认为其提供的作品、表演、录音录像制品未侵犯他人权利的,可以向网络服务提供者提交书面说明,要求恢复被删除的作品、表演、录音录像制品,或者恢复与被断开的作品、表演、录音录像制品的链接。书面说明应当包含下列内容:

  (一)服务对象的姓名(名称)、联系方式和地址;

  (二)要求恢复的作品、表演、录音录像制品的名称和网络地址;

  (三)不构成侵权的初步证明材料。

  服务对象应当对书面说明的真实性负责。

  第十七条 网络服务提供者接到服务对象的书面说明后,应当立即恢复被删除的作品、表演、录音录像制品,或者可以恢复与被断开的作品、表演、录音录像制品的链接,同时将服务对象的书面说明转送权利人。权利人不得再通知网络服务提供者删除该作品、表演、录音录像制品,或者断开与该作品、表演、录音录像制品的链接。

  第十八条 违反本条例规定,有下列侵权行为之一的,根据情况承担停止侵害、消除影响、赔礼道歉、赔偿损失等民事责任;同时损害公共利益的,可以由著作权行政管理部门责令停止侵权行为,没收违法所得,并可处以10万元以下的罚款;情节严重的,著作权行政管理部门可以没收主要用于提供网络服务的计算机等设备;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任:

  (一)通过信息网络擅自向公众提供他人的作品、表演、录音录像制品的;

  (二)故意避开或者破坏技术措施的;

  (三)故意删除或者改变通过信息网络向公众提供的作品、表演、录音录像制品的权利管理电子信息,或者通过信息网络向公众提供明知或者应知未经权利人许可而被删除或者改变权利管理电子信息的作品、表演、录音录像制品的;

  (四)为扶助贫困通过信息网络向农村地区提供作品、表演、录音录像制品超过规定范围,或者未按照公告的标准支付报酬,或者在权利人不同意提供其作品、表演、录音录像制品后未立即删除的;

  (五)通过信息网络提供他人的作品、表演、录音录像制品,未指明作品、表演、录音录像制品的名称或者作者、表演者、录音录像制作者的姓名(名称),或者未支付报酬,或者未依照本条例规定采取技术措施防止服务对象以外的其他人获得他人的作品、表演、录音录像制品,或者未防止服务对象的复制行为对权利人利益造成实质性损害的。

  第十九条 违反本条例规定,有下列行为之一的,由著作权行政管理部门予以警告,没收违法所得,没收主要用于避开、破坏技术措施的装置或者部件;情节严重的,可以没收主要用于提供网络服务的计算机等设备,并可处以10万元以下的罚款;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任:

  (一)故意制造、进口或者向他人提供主要用于避开、破坏技术措施的装置或者部件,或者故意为他人避开或者破坏技术措施提供技术服务的;

  (二)通过信息网络提供他人的作品、表演、录音录像制品,获得经济利益的;

  (三)为扶助贫困通过信息网络向农村地区提供作品、表演、录音录像制品,未在提供前公告作品、表演、录音录像制品的名称和作者、表演者、录音录像制作者的姓名(名称)以及报酬标准的。

  第二十条 网络服务提供者根据服务对象的指令提供网络自动接入服务,或者对服务对象提供的作品、表演、录音录像制品提供自动传输服务,并具备下列条件的,不承担赔偿责任:

  (一)未选择并且未改变所传输的作品、表演、录音录像制品;

  (二)向指定的服务对象提供该作品、表演、录音录像制品,并防止指定的服务对象以外的其他人获得。

  第二十一条 网络服务提供者为提高网络传输效率,自动存储从其他网络服务提供者获得的作品、表演、录音录像制品,根据技术安排自动向服务对象提供,并具备下列条件的,不承担赔偿责任:

  (一)未改变自动存储的作品、表演、录音录像制品;

  (二)不影响提供作品、表演、录音录像制品的原网络服务提供者掌握服务对象获取该作品、表演、录音录像制品的情况;

  (三)在原网络服务提供者修改、删除或者屏蔽该作品、表演、录音录像制品时,根据技术安排自动予以修改、删除或者屏蔽。

  第二十二条 网络服务提供者为服务对象提供信息存储空间,供服务对象通过信息网络向公众提供作品、表演、录音录像制品,并具备下列条件的,不承担赔偿责任:

  (一)明确标示该信息存储空间是为服务对象所提供,并公开网络服务提供者的名称、联系人、网络地址;

  (二)未改变服务对象所提供的作品、表演、录音录像制品;

  (三)不知道也没有合理的理由应当知道服务对象提供的作品、表演、录音录像制品侵权;

  (四)未从服务对象提供作品、表演、录音录像制品中直接获得经济利益;

  (五)在接到权利人的通知书后,根据本条例规定删除权利人认为侵权的作品、表演、录音录像制品。

  第二十三条 网络服务提供者为服务对象提供搜索或者链接服务,在接到权利人的通知书后,根据本条例规定断开与侵权的作品、表演、录音录像制品的链接的,不承担赔偿责任;但是,明知或者应知所链接的作品、表演、录音录像制品侵权的,应当承担共同侵权责任。

  第二十四条 因权利人的通知导致网络服务提供者错误删除作品、表演、录音录像制品,或者错误断开与作品、表演、录音录像制品的链接,给服务对象造成损失的,权利人应当承担赔偿责任。

  第二十五条 网络服务提供者无正当理由拒绝提供或者拖延提供涉嫌侵权的服务对象的姓名(名称)、联系方式、网络地址等资料的,由著作权行政管理部门予以警告;情节严重的,没收主要用于提供网络服务的计算机等设备。

  第二十六条 本条例下列用语的含义:

  信息网络传播权,是指以有线或者无线方式向公众提供作品、表演或者录音录像制品,使公众可以在其个人选定的时间和地点获得作品、表演或者录音录像制品的权利。

  技术措施,是指用于防止、限制未经权利人许可浏览、欣赏作品、表演、录音录像制品的或者通过信息网络向公众提供作品、表演、录音录像制品的有效技术、装置或者部件。

  权利管理电子信息,是指说明作品及其作者、表演及其表演者、录音录像制品及其制作者的信息,作品、表演、录音录像制品权利人的信息和使用条件的信息,以及表示上述信息的数字或者代码。

  第二十七条 本条例自2006年7月1日起施行。



 

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